Les données EXIF modifiées ne sont pas sauvegardées correctement

après d'innombrables tentatives et tamisage à travers chaque réponse ainsi + résultat google, il m'étonne que travailler avec EXIF sur iOS est tellement frustrant.

ci-dessous est le code de travail avec ses résultats.

[[self stillImageOutput] captureStillImageAsynchronouslyFromConnection:videoConnection
    completionHandler:^(CMSampleBufferRef imageSampleBuffer, NSError *error)
    {
        NSData *imageNSData = [AVCaptureStillImageOutput jpegStillImageNSDataRepresentation:imageSampleBuffer];

        CGImageSourceRef imgSource = CGImageSourceCreateWithData((__bridge_retained CFDataRef)imageNSData, NULL);

        //get all the metadata in the image
        NSDictionary *metadata = (__bridge NSDictionary *)CGImageSourceCopyPropertiesAtIndex(imgSource, 0, NULL);

        NSLog(@"original metadata Info: %@",metadata);

        //make the metadata dictionary mutable so we can add properties to it
        NSMutableDictionary *metadataAsMutable = [metadata mutableCopy];

        NSMutableDictionary *EXIFDictionary = [[metadataAsMutable objectForKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyExifDictionary]mutableCopy];
        NSMutableDictionary *GPSDictionary = [[metadataAsMutable objectForKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyGPSDictionary]mutableCopy];
        NSMutableDictionary *RAWDictionary = [[metadataAsMutable objectForKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyRawDictionary]mutableCopy];

        if(!EXIFDictionary)
            EXIFDictionary = [[NSMutableDictionary dictionary] init];

        if(!GPSDictionary)
            GPSDictionary = [[NSMutableDictionary dictionary] init];

        if(!RAWDictionary)
            RAWDictionary = [[NSMutableDictionary dictionary] init];


        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"camera coord Latitude"
                         forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSLatitude];
        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"camera coord Longitude"
                         forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSLongitude];
        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"camera GPS Date Stamp"
                         forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSDateStamp];
        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"camera direction (heading) in degrees"
                         forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSImgDirection];

        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"subject coord Latitude"
                         forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSDestLatitude];
        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"subject coord Longitude"
                         forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSDestLongitude];

        [EXIFDictionary setObject:@"[S.D.] kCGImagePropertyExifUserComment"
                           forKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyExifUserComment];

        [EXIFDictionary setValue:@"69 m" forKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyExifSubjectDistance];


        //Add the modified Data back into the image’s metadata
        [metadataAsMutable setObject:EXIFDictionary forKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyExifDictionary];
        [metadataAsMutable setObject:GPSDictionary forKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyGPSDictionary];
        [metadataAsMutable setObject:RAWDictionary forKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyRawDictionary];


        NSLog(@"metadataAsMutable Info: %@",metadataAsMutable);

        CFStringRef UTI = CGImageSourceGetType(imgSource); //this is the type of image (e.g., public.jpeg)

        //this will be the data CGImageDestinationRef will write into
        NSMutableData *newImageData = [NSMutableData data];

        CGImageDestinationRef destination = CGImageDestinationCreateWithData((__bridge CFMutableDataRef)newImageData, UTI, 1, NULL);

        if(!destination)
            NSLog(@"***Could not create image destination ***");

        //add the image contained in the image source to the destination, overidding the old metadata with our modified metadata
        CGImageDestinationAddImageFromSource(destination, imgSource, 0, (__bridge CFDictionaryRef) metadataAsMutable);

        //tell the destination to write the image data and metadata into our data object.
        //It will return false if something goes wrong
        BOOL success = NO;
        success = CGImageDestinationFinalize(destination);

        if(!success)
            NSLog(@"***Could not create data from image destination ***");

        CIImage *testImage = [CIImage imageWithData:newImageData];
        NSDictionary *propDict = [testImage properties];
        NSLog(@"Properties %@", propDict);

    }];

qui produit ceci:

2012-10-12 23:17:45.415 Waypointer[3120:907] original metadata Info: {
ColorModel = RGB;
DPIHeight = 72;
DPIWidth = 72;
Depth = 8;
Orientation = 1;
PixelHeight = 2448;
PixelWidth = 3264;
"{Exif}" =     {
    ApertureValue = "2.526069";
    BrightnessValue = "-4.410617";
    ColorSpace = 1;
    ComponentsConfiguration =         (
        1,
        2,
        3,
        0
    );
    ExifVersion =         (
        2,
        2,
        1
    );
    ExposureMode = 0;
    ExposureProgram = 2;
    ExposureTime = "0.06666667";
    FNumber = "2.4";
    Flash = 16;
    FlashPixVersion =         (
        1,
        0
    );
    FocalLenIn35mmFilm = 35;
    FocalLength = "4.28";
    ISOSpeedRatings =         (
        800
    );
    MeteringMode = 5;
    PixelXDimension = 3264;
    PixelYDimension = 2448;
    SceneCaptureType = 0;
    SensingMethod = 2;
    ShutterSpeedValue = "3.906905";
    SubjectArea =         (
        1631,
        1223,
        881,
        881
    );
    WhiteBalance = 0;
};
"{TIFF}" =     {
    Orientation = 1;
    ResolutionUnit = 2;
    XResolution = 72;
    YResolution = 72;
    "_YCbCrPositioning" = 1;
};
}

et ceci:

2012-10-12 23:17:45.421 Waypointer[3120:907] metadataAsMutable Info: {
ColorModel = RGB;
DPIHeight = 72;
DPIWidth = 72;
Depth = 8;
Orientation = 1;
PixelHeight = 2448;
PixelWidth = 3264;
"{Exif}" =     {
    ApertureValue = "2.526069";
    BrightnessValue = "-4.410617";
    ColorSpace = 1;
    ComponentsConfiguration =         (
        1,
        2,
        3,
        0
    );
    ExifVersion =         (
        2,
        2,
        1
    );
    ExposureMode = 0;
    ExposureProgram = 2;
    ExposureTime = "0.06666667";
    FNumber = "2.4";
    Flash = 16;
    FlashPixVersion =         (
        1,
        0
    );
    FocalLenIn35mmFilm = 35;
    FocalLength = "4.28";
    ISOSpeedRatings =         (
        800
    );
    MeteringMode = 5;
    PixelXDimension = 3264;
    PixelYDimension = 2448;
    SceneCaptureType = 0;
    SensingMethod = 2;
    ShutterSpeedValue = "3.906905";
    SubjectArea =         (
        1631,
        1223,
        881,
        881
    );
    SubjectDistance = "69 m";
    UserComment = "[S.D.] kCGImagePropertyExifUserComment";
    WhiteBalance = 0;
};
"{GPS}" =     {
    DateStamp = "camera GPS Date Stamp";
    DestLatitude = "subject coord Latitude";
    DestLongitude = "subject coord Longitude";
    ImgDirection = "camera direction (heading) in degrees";
    Latitude = "camera coord Latitude";
    Longitude = "camera coord Longitude";
};
"{Raw}" =     {
};
"{TIFF}" =     {
    Orientation = 1;
    ResolutionUnit = 2;
    XResolution = 72;
    YResolution = 72;
    "_YCbCrPositioning" = 1;
};
}

et, après tout cela, ceci:

2012-10-12 23:17:47.131 Waypointer[3120:907] Properties {
ColorModel = RGB;
DPIHeight = 72;
DPIWidth = 72;
Depth = 8;
Orientation = 1;
PixelHeight = 2448;
PixelWidth = 3264;
"{Exif}" =     {
    ApertureValue = "2.526069";
    BrightnessValue = "-4.410617";
    ColorSpace = 1;
    ComponentsConfiguration =         (
        0,
        0,
        0,
        1
    );
    ExifVersion =         (
        2,
        2,
        1
    );
    ExposureMode = 0;
    ExposureProgram = 2;
    ExposureTime = "0.06666667";
    FNumber = "2.4";
    Flash = 16;
    FlashPixVersion =         (
        1,
        0
    );
    FocalLenIn35mmFilm = 35;
    FocalLength = "4.28";
    ISOSpeedRatings =         (
        800
    );
    MeteringMode = 5;
    PixelXDimension = 3264;
    PixelYDimension = 2448;
    SceneCaptureType = 0;
    SensingMethod = 2;
    ShutterSpeedValue = "3.906905";
    SubjectArea =         (
        1631,
        1223,
        881,
        881
    );
    UserComment = "[S.D.] kCGImagePropertyExifUserComment";
    WhiteBalance = 0;
};
"{JFIF}" =     {
    DensityUnit = 1;
    JFIFVersion =         (
        1,
        1
    );
    XDensity = 72;
    YDensity = 72;
};
"{TIFF}" =     {
    Orientation = 1;
    ResolutionUnit = 2;
    XResolution = 72;
    YResolution = 72;
    "_YCbCrPositioning" = 1;
};
}

comme l'illustre l'exemple, vous pouvez voir les métadonnées d'origine de l'image, sa modification, puis sa sortie finale.

la sortie finale est ce qui me dérange parce que peu importe ce que je fais, Je ne peux pas obtenir mes valeurs modifiées pour coller!

y a-t-il un format très spécifique qui me manque? Pourquoi l'iOS supprime - t-il mes modifications? Que dois-je faire pour ajouter ces valeurs? Ils sont listés dans le .en-tête et figuré il devrait être facilement accepté.

6
demandé sur Peter Hosey 2012-10-13 07:36:29
la source

2 ответов

Scott, un développeur chez Apple, est revenu avec mon rapport d'incident et a corrigé le problème:

le code précédent ci-dessus est écrit string values pour le GPS valeurs - cela ne fonctionnera pas , ils doit être NS / Cfnuméros (nous extrayons une valeur flottante pour EXIF).

je vais déposer un rapport de bogue à Apple contre leur documentation.

bien qu'il ait fallu une semaine pour obtenir cette réponse, J'apprécie vraiment le soutien fourni par Apple à leurs développeurs. (merci Scott!) ;-)

ci-dessous est le code amélioré et sa sortie correcte:

[[self stillImageOutput] captureStillImageAsynchronouslyFromConnection:videoConnection
    completionHandler:^(CMSampleBufferRef imageSampleBuffer, NSError *error)
    {
        NSData *imageNSData = [AVCaptureStillImageOutput jpegStillImageNSDataRepresentation:imageSampleBuffer];

        CGImageSourceRef imgSource = CGImageSourceCreateWithData((__bridge_retained CFDataRef)imageNSData, NULL);

        //get all the metadata in the image
        NSDictionary *metadata = (__bridge NSDictionary *)CGImageSourceCopyPropertiesAtIndex(imgSource, 0, NULL);

        //make the metadata dictionary mutable so we can add properties to it
        NSMutableDictionary *metadataAsMutable = [metadata mutableCopy];

        NSMutableDictionary *EXIFDictionary = [[metadataAsMutable objectForKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyExifDictionary]mutableCopy];
        NSMutableDictionary *GPSDictionary = [[metadataAsMutable objectForKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyGPSDictionary]mutableCopy];
        NSMutableDictionary *RAWDictionary = [[metadataAsMutable objectForKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyRawDictionary]mutableCopy];

        if(!EXIFDictionary)
            EXIFDictionary = [[NSMutableDictionary dictionary] init];

        if(!GPSDictionary)
            GPSDictionary = [[NSMutableDictionary dictionary] init];

        if(!RAWDictionary)
            RAWDictionary = [[NSMutableDictionary dictionary] init];


        [GPSDictionary setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:37.795]
                          forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSLatitude];

        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"N" forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSLatitudeRef];

        [GPSDictionary setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:122.410]
                          forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSLongitude];

        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"W" forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSLongitudeRef];

        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"2012:10:18"
                          forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSDateStamp];

        [GPSDictionary setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:300]
                          forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSImgDirection];

        [GPSDictionary setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:37.795]
                          forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSDestLatitude];

        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"N" forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSDestLatitudeRef];

        [GPSDictionary setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:122.410]
                          forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSDestLongitude];

        [GPSDictionary setObject:@"W" forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyGPSDestLongitudeRef];

        [EXIFDictionary setObject:@"[S.D.] kCGImagePropertyExifUserComment"
                           forKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyExifUserComment];

        [EXIFDictionary setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:69.999]
                           forKey:(NSString*)kCGImagePropertyExifSubjectDistance];


        //Add the modified Data back into the image’s metadata
        [metadataAsMutable setObject:EXIFDictionary forKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyExifDictionary];
        [metadataAsMutable setObject:GPSDictionary forKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyGPSDictionary];
        [metadataAsMutable setObject:RAWDictionary forKey:(NSString *)kCGImagePropertyRawDictionary];


        CFStringRef UTI = CGImageSourceGetType(imgSource); //this is the type of image (e.g., public.jpeg)

        //this will be the data CGImageDestinationRef will write into
        NSMutableData *newImageData = [NSMutableData data];

        CGImageDestinationRef destination = CGImageDestinationCreateWithData((__bridge CFMutableDataRef)newImageData, UTI, 1, NULL);

        if(!destination)
            NSLog(@"***Could not create image destination ***");

        //add the image contained in the image source to the destination, overidding the old metadata with our modified metadata
        CGImageDestinationAddImageFromSource(destination, imgSource, 0, (__bridge CFDictionaryRef) metadataAsMutable);

        //tell the destination to write the image data and metadata into our data object.
        //It will return false if something goes wrong
        BOOL success = NO;
        success = CGImageDestinationFinalize(destination);

        if(!success)
            NSLog(@"***Could not create data from image destination ***");

        CIImage *testImage = [CIImage imageWithData:newImageData];
        NSDictionary *propDict = [testImage properties];
        NSLog(@"Final properties %@", propDict);

    }];

qui produit ceci:

Final properties info {
    ColorModel = RGB;
    DPIHeight = 72;
    DPIWidth = 72;
    Depth = 8;
    Orientation = 6;
    PixelHeight = 2448;
    PixelWidth = 3264;
    "{Exif}" =     {
        ApertureValue = "2.526069";
        BrightnessValue = "0.547474";
        ColorSpace = 1;
        ComponentsConfiguration =         (
            0,
            0,
            0,
            1
        );
        ExifVersion =         (
            2,
            2,
            1
        );
        ExposureMode = 0;
        ExposureProgram = 2;
        ExposureTime = "0.05";
        FNumber = "2.4";
        Flash = 16;
        FlashPixVersion =         (
            1,
            0
        );
        FocalLenIn35mmFilm = 35;
        FocalLength = "4.28";
        ISOSpeedRatings =         (
            320
        );
        MeteringMode = 5;
        PixelXDimension = 3264;
        PixelYDimension = 2448;
        SceneCaptureType = 0;
        SensingMethod = 2;
        ShutterSpeedValue = "4.321929";
        SubjectArea =         (
            1631,
            1223,
            881,
            881
        );
        SubjectDistance = "69.999";
        UserComment = "[S.D.] kCGImagePropertyExifUserComment";
        WhiteBalance = 0;
    };
    "{GPS}" =     {
        DateStamp = "2012:10:18";
        DestLatitude = "37.795";
        DestLatitudeRef = N;
        DestLongitude = "122.41";
        DestLongitudeRef = W;
        ImgDirection = 300;
        Latitude = "37.795";
        LatitudeRef = N;
        Longitude = "122.41";
        LongitudeRef = W;
    };
    "{JFIF}" =     {
        DensityUnit = 1;
        JFIFVersion =         (
            1,
            1
        );
        XDensity = 72;
        YDensity = 72;
    };
    "{TIFF}" =     {
        Orientation = 6;
        ResolutionUnit = 2;
        XResolution = 72;
        YResolution = 72;
        "_YCbCrPositioning" = 1;
    };
}

comme vous pouvez le voir, toutes les valeurs sont maintenant correctement intégrées dans L'en-tête EXIF et j'ai testé que c'est correctement écrit avec le JPG à la pellicule.

Profitez-en! :)

9
répondu Sebastian Dwornik 2012-10-20 03:27:14
la source

dans Swift 3, Je n'ai pas pu obtenir CGImageDestinationAddImageFromSource avec mes dictionnaires de métadonnées. Voici un peu plus bas niveau version Swift qui semble bien fonctionner: https://gist.github.com/lacyrhoades/09d8a367125b6225df5038aec68ed9e7

1
répondu snakeoil 2016-12-08 18:37:10
la source

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