Les arguments imbriqués ne compilent pas

j'essaie de compiler mon code dans un module Python 3. Il fonctionne très bien lorsque je choisis "Run module" dans IDLE, mais reçoit l'erreur de syntaxe suivante lorsque j'essaie de créer une distribution:

File "/usr/local/lib/python3.2/dist-packages/simpletriple.py", line 9
    def add(self, (sub, pred, obj)):
                  ^
SyntaxError: invalid syntax

est-ce que quelqu'un peut aider à montrer ce qui ne va pas avec la syntaxe? Voici le code complet:

import csv

class SimpleGraph:
    def __init__(self):
        self._spo = {}
        self._pos = {}
        self._osp = {}

    def add(self, (sub, pred, obj)):
        """
        Adds a triple to the graph.
        """
        self._addToIndex(self._spo, sub, pred, obj)
        self._addToIndex(self._pos, pred, obj, sub)
        self._addToIndex(self._osp, obj, sub, pred)

    def _addToIndex(self, index, a, b, c):
        """
        Adds a triple to a specified index.
        """
        if a not in index: index[a] = {b:set([c])}
        else:
            if b not in index[a]: index[a][b] = set([c])
            else: index[a][b].add(c)

    def remove(self, (sub, pred, obj)):
        """
        Remove a triple pattern from the graph.
        """
        triples = list(self.triples((sub, pred, obj)))
        for (delSub, delPred, delObj) in triples:
            self._removeFromIndex(self._spo, delSub, delPred, delObj)
            self._removeFromIndex(self._pos, delPred, delObj, delSub)
            self._removeFromIndex(self._osp, delObj, delSub, delPred)

    def _removeFromIndex(self, index, a, b, c):
        """
        Removes a triple from an index and clears up empty indermediate structures.
        """
        try:
            bs = index[a]
            cset = bs[b]
            cset.remove(c)
            if len(cset) == 0: del bs[b]
            if len(bs) == 0: del index[a]
        # KeyErrors occur if a term was missing, which means that it wasn't a valid delete:
        except KeyError:
            pass

    def triples(self, (sub, pred, obj)):
        """
        Generator over the triple store.
        Returns triples that match the given triple pattern. 
        """
        # check which terms are present in order to use the correct index:
        try:
            if sub != None: 
                if pred != None:
                    # sub pred obj
                    if obj != None:
                        if obj in self._spo[sub][pred]: yield (sub, pred, obj)
                    # sub pred None
                    else:
                        for retObj in self._spo[sub][pred]: yield (sub, pred, retObj)
                else:
                    # sub None obj
                    if obj != None:
                        for retPred in self._osp[obj][sub]: yield (sub, retPred, obj)
                    # sub None None
                    else:
                        for retPred, objSet in self._spo[sub].items():
                            for retObj in objSet:
                                yield (sub, retPred, retObj)
            else:
                if pred != None:
                    # None pred obj
                    if obj != None:
                        for retSub in self._pos[pred][obj]:
                            yield (retSub, pred, obj)
                    # None pred None
                    else:
                        for retObj, subSet in self._pos[pred].items():
                            for retSub in subSet:
                                yield (retSub, pred, retObj)
                else:
                    # None None obj
                    if obj != None:
                        for retSub, predSet in self._osp[obj].items():
                            for retPred in predSet:
                                yield (retSub, retPred, obj)
                    # None None None
                    else:
                        for retSub, predSet in self._spo.items():
                            for retPred, objSet in predSet.items():
                                for retObj in objSet:
                                    yield (retSub, retPred, retObj)
        # KeyErrors occur if a query term wasn't in the index, so we yield nothing:
        except KeyError:
            pass

    def value(self, sub=None, pred=None, obj=None):
        for retSub, retPred, retObj in self.triples((sub, pred, obj)):
            if sub is None: return retSub
            if pred is None: return retPred
            if obj is None: return retObj
            break
        return None

    def load(self, filename):
        f = open(filename, "rb")
        reader = csv.reader(f)
        for sub, pred, obj in reader:
            sub = unicode(sub, "UTF-8")
            pred = unicode(pred, "UTF-8")
            obj = unicode(obj, "UTF-8")
            self.add((sub, pred, obj))
        f.close()

    def save(self, filename):
        f = open(filename, "wb")
        writer = csv.writer(f)
        for sub, pred, obj in self.triples((None, None, None)):
            writer.writerow([sub.encode("UTF-8"), pred.encode("UTF-8"), obj.encode("UTF-8")])
        f.close()

if __name__ == "__main__":
    g = SimpleGraph()
    g.add(("blade_runner", "name", "Blade Runner"))
    g.add(("blade_runner", "name", "Blade Runner"))
    g.add(("blade_runner", "release_date", "June 25, 1982"))
    g.add(("blade_runner", "directed_by", "Ridley Scott"))

    print list(g.triples((None, None, None)))
    print list(g.triples(("blade_runner", None, None)))
    print list(g.triples(("blade_runner", "name", None)))
    print list(g.triples(("blade_runner", "name", "Blade Runner")))
    print list(g.triples(("blade_runner", None, "Blade Runner")))
    print list(g.triples((None, "name", "Blade Runner")))
    print list(g.triples((None, None, "Blade Runner")))

    print list(g.triples(("foo", "name", "Blade Runner")))
    print list(g.triples(("blade_runner", "foo", "Blade Runner")))
    print list(g.triples(("blade_runner", "name", "foo")))
16
demandé sur Zach Gates 2012-05-15 23:12:25
la source

1 ответов

PEP 3113 explique pourquoi cette fonctionnalité, "tuple parameter unpacking", a été supprimée en Python 3. Il explique également comment porter le code qui les utilise. Dans ce cas, vous devez changer une fonction comme:

def add(self, (sub, pred, obj)):
    self._addToIndex(self._spo, sub, pred, obj)
    self._addToIndex(self._pos, pred, obj, sub)
    self._addToIndex(self._osp, obj, sub, pred)

à une version qui passe le tuple en un seul paramètre et le décompresse manuellement:

def add(self, sub_pred_obj):
    sub, pred, obj = sub_pred_obj
    self._addToIndex(self._spo, sub, pred, obj)
    self._addToIndex(self._pos, pred, obj, sub)
    self._addToIndex(self._osp, obj, sub, pred)

pour une fonction lambda , vous ne pouvez pas utiliser assignment to unpack. La meilleure solution est généralement de ne pas décompresser. Par exemple, modifiez ceci:

lambda (x, y): (y, x)

... à ceci:

lambda xy: (xy[1], xy[0])

pour les fonctions compliquées, cela peut devenir laid-mais alors pour les fonctions compliquées, vous voulez probablement def eux de toute façon.


il est intéressant de noter que l'exécution de votre code à travers 2to3 , modernize , ou futurize trouvera ce problème à la fois dans def et lambda , et propose exactement ces solutions:

$ echo 'lambda (x,y): (y,x)' | 2to3 -
--- <stdin> (original)
+++ <stdin> (refactored)
@@ -1 +1 @@
-lambda (x,y): (y,x)
+lambda x_y: (x_y[1],x_y[0])

$ echo -e 'def foo((x,y)):\n    return (y,x)\n' | 2to3 -
--- <stdin> (original)
+++ <stdin> (refactored)
@@ -1 +1 @@
-def foo((x,y)):
+def foo(xxx_todo_changeme):
+    (x,y) = xxx_todo_changeme

si vous essayez de porter Python 2.X code à 3.x (ou à dual-version code) et ne connaissent pas les deux langues, vous voulez presque certainement utiliser l'un de ces outils-ou un plugin IDE qui les enveloppe-pour aider. (Bien que vous ne voulez pas utiliser sa sortie.)

27
répondu Ben Hoyt 2018-09-11 21:53:22
la source

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